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When a patient encounters a sudden loss of kidney functions with an exponential increase in their kidney degradation, they are suffering from Acute kidney injury. In this condition, the kidney loses all its functions in the time period of a few days. The functions of the kidney encompass the following:
Due to the kidney function loss in acute kidney injury, the body undergoes certain complications such as:
Usually, acute kidney injury is diagnosed when both kidneys have lost their functions by up to 50%
As a surprising fact, though acute kidney injury is determined by the rapidly deteriorating intrinsic functionality of the kidney, it is mostly caused by an underlying condition that lies outside the kidneys. This leads to the classification of causes of kidneys into three categories as these causes are diverse:
In this type of acute kidney injury, if the patients do not have a history of kidney failure, kidney functions are usually recovered by resolving the condition causing it
The symptoms of acute kidney injury can range from mild to severe depending upon the time for which the cause of AKI works upon the kidney. Some of these symptoms are:
Diagnosis of acute kidney injury is done by evaluating the creatinine levels and by monitoring the urine. These evaluations are done by following tests:
There are three stages of acute kidney injury based on the creatinine level and urine output
Stage 1: The first stage comes when the creatinine level increases 1.5 to 1.9 times the baseline creatinine and the urine output is reduced to 0.5mL/Kg/hr.
Stage 2: in the second stage the creatinine level raises to 2.0 to 2.9 times the baseline creatinine and the urine output stays at 0.5mL/Kg/hr for 12 hours.
Stage 3: the last stage of AKI occurs when the creatinine level rises to 3 times more than the baseline and the urine output is lower to 0.3mL/Kg/hr and this persists for 24 hours. At this stage of AKI, the patient usually needs to be put on dialysis.
The treatment of AKI aims to resolve the underlying cause of the condition but if the patient has reached the third stage, they are first put on dialysis.
Acute kidney failure can be treated. By admitting into a management center/ hospital that provides treatment for AKI in order to treat the actual cause of this disease, you can recover your kidneys completely. It is important to know that you become more susceptible to other health conditions after the treatment of AKI. It is your responsibility to follow every bit of instruction your well-experienced doctor provides you in order to keep up a healthy life.
At Alfa kidney care, we aim at diagnosing with complete precision to provide the treatment for AKI as soon as possible
To know more,
Contact at: Alfa Kidney Care